Sunday, February 10, 2013

How to Make Cream Soups

From 1919

Cream soups are all made by blending two tablespoons of butter with two tablespoons of flour and then adding slowly one cup of cold milk or half cream and milk. One cup for a thin soup or purée, to one quart of liquid. More according to the thickness of soup desired. Any cooked vegetable or fish may be added to the cream sauce. Less milk is used when the water in which the vegetables are cooked is added.

Purées are made from vegetables or fish, forced through a strainer and retained in soup, milk and seasonings. Generally thicker than cream soup.

Use a double boiler in making cream sauces and the cream sauce foundation for soups.
To warm over a thick soup it is best to put it in a double boiler. It must not be covered. If one does not have a double boiler set soup boiler in a pan of hot water over fire.

Cream soups and purées are so nutritious that with bread and butter, they furnish a satisfactory meal.


Blanch, and grind or pound one-half pound almonds, let simmer slowly in one pint of milk for five minutes. Melt one tablespoon of butter, blend with one of flour. Do not allow to bubble. Add one cup of milk and thicken slightly. Then add the almond mixture and simmer again until creamy. Remove from fire and add one cup of cream. Season with salt and pepper to taste. Cream may be whipped or left plain.


Break three stalks of celery in one-inch pieces and pound in a mortar. Cook in double boiler with one slice of onion and three cups of milk for twenty minutes. Remove onion, heat two tablespoons of butter, add two tablespoons of flour, one-fourth teaspoon of pepper, one teaspoon of salt; first two-thirds of a cup, and gradually the rest of the celery broth, add one cup of cream; cook until smooth and serve at once.


Proceed as with cream of celery soup, substituting one-half bundle of fresh asparagus or an equal amount of canned for the stalk of celery. Or, the tips of a bundle of asparagus may be cut off for table use and the remainder used for soup. In either case the asparagus will be better if mashed through a colander, thus removing the woody portions.


Take a solid head of cauliflower, scald it to take away the strong taste; separate the flowers and proceed as with cream of celery soup.


Take a can of corn or six ears of corn. Run a sharp knife down through the center of each row of kernels, and with the back of a knife press out the pulp, leaving the husk on the cob. Break the cobs and put them on to boil in sufficient cold water to cover them. Boil thirty minutes and strain the liquor. Return the liquor to the fire, and when boiling add the corn pulp and bay leaf. Cook fifteen minutes; add the cream sauce and serve.

Wednesday, October 17, 2012

Old Fashioned Tomato Soup

1 can tomatoes, or 1 quart tomatoes peeled and cut in pieces.
2 slices onion.
2 sprays parsley.
Bit of bay leaf.
4 cloves.
½ teaspoon peppercorns.
Few gratings nutmeg.
3 tablespoons butter.
2 tablespoons flour.
Salt, pepper, cayenne.

Cook the first six ingredients together twenty minutes. Rub through a purée strainer, keep hot.

Melt butter in a sauce-pan, add flour and stir to a smooth paste, let cook one minute; dilute with tomato mixture to the consistency to pour. Combine mixtures and season with salt, a few grains cayenne and a grating of nutmeg.

Reheat and serve with crisp crackers..

Tuesday, October 16, 2012

Cream of Onion Soup

From "Fifty-Two Sunday Dinners", 1913.

6 medium-sized onions sliced.
1 quart cold water.
1 green pepper chopped.
2 cups scalded milk.
3 tablespoons butter.
4 tablespoons flour.
1 egg yolk.
Parmesan cheese.
Salt and cayenne.

Cook onion and pepper in two tablespoons butter five minutes, without browning; add water and cook until onions are soft (about forty minutes). Rub through a sieve.

Melt remaining butter, add flour and stir to a paste; add gradually scalded milk, stirring constantly. Combine mixtures, add seasonings. Heat to boiling point, remove from range, add yolk of egg slightly beaten.

Pass Parmesan cheese and hot, crisp crackers. Two tablespoons cheese may be added to soup when adding egg yolk.

Serve very hot.

Monday, October 15, 2012

Corn Chowder

From "Fifty-Two Sunday Dinners", 1913.
2 cups cooked corn cut from cob, or
1 can of corn.
1 cup salt pork cubes.
1 cup potatoes cut in cubes.
½ onion sliced.
3 cups water.
2 cups scalded milk.
1 tablespoon butter.
1 tablespoon flour.
2/3 cup cracker crumbs.
Salt, Pepper.

Cut salt pork in one-fourth inch cubes and try out in a frying pan; add onion, and cook until yellow. Pare and cut potatoes in one-half inch cubes, parboil five minutes. Add to onion, with corn and water; cover and cook twenty minutes or until potatoes are soft.

Melt butter in a sauce-pan, add flour, stir to a smooth paste, pour some of the milk on slowly, stirring constantly.

Combine mixtures; add crumbs and seasonings. Serve for dinner in cups or in small "nappies."

Sunday, October 14, 2012

Scotch Potato Soup

From "Fifty Two Sunday Dinners", 1913.

1 bunch leeks or 2 cups onion.
1 head celery.
5 tablespoons butter.
1 quart milk.
3 cups potato cubes.
2 tablespoons flour.
½ tablespoon finely chopped parsley.
Salt, pepper.

Cut leeks and celery in thin slices crosswise and sauté in two tablespoons butter eight minutes (without browning), stirring constantly. Turn milk into double boiler, add leeks and celery; cover and cook until vegetables are tender (about forty-five minutes). Parboil potato cubes in boiling salted water ten minutes.

Melt remaining butter in a sauce-pan, add flour, stir to a smooth paste, remove from range and pour on slowly some of the milk until mixture is of the consistency to pour. Combine mixtures, add seasonings, and cook in double boiler until potatoes are tender.

Turn into hot soup tureen and sprinkle with parsley.

Wednesday, February 17, 2010

Mulligatawny Soup

From "Fifty Soups", by Thomas J. Murrey, 1884

Divide a large chicken into neat pieces; take a knuckle of veal, and chop it up; put all into a large saucepan, and add one gallon of water; salt; boil for three hours or until reduced one-third. Put an ounce of butter in a hot frying pan, cut up two red onions, and fry them in the butter. Into a half pint of the stock put two heaping tablespoonfuls of curry powder; add this to the onion, then add the whole to the soup, now taste for seasoning.

Some like a little wine, but these are the exception and not the rule. Before serving add half a slice of lemon to each portion. Many prefer a quantity of rice to be added to the soup before it is finished; the rice should be first well washed and parboiled.

Sunday, February 14, 2010

Cream of Spinach Soup

From "The Golden Age Cookbook", 1898.

Take two large handfuls of spinach, after it is washed and picked over, a small head of lettuce, a few sprigs of parsley, and a small white onion peeled and sliced. Put in a saucepan over the fire with a tablespoonful of butter, a dozen peppercorns and two cloves, and a very little boiling water, cover and stand it where the vegetables will only simmer.

When they are tender rub together a generous heaping tablespoonful of butter and a heaping tablespoonful of flour, and stir it into the vegetables. Add a little boiling water, mash the vegetables smooth and press them through a fine sieve. Have the purée as thick as possible, return to the saucepan. Have ready a pint of boiling milk, beat two egg yolks with four tablespoonfuls of cream, pour a little of the boiling milk into them, and the rest into the purée, remove from the fire at once, then add the eggs and cream, pour into the tureen and serve immediately.